UAE’s Adoption to Renewables for its Sea Water Desalination
UAE shift to Renewables for Sea Water Desalination
UAE is shifting its focus from fossil fuels (oil) to renewables in its Sea Water Desalination Process as there is a huge amount of electricity and power consumed
The UAE uses about 740 cubic meters of water per person annually (m3 pcpa), which is roughly 50% more than the global average of 500 m3 pcpa. Additionally, roughly 30% of the nation’s overall power (power and energy industry) usage goes into the desalination of salt water, partly as a result of serious problems with the UAE’s freshwater supply.
Today the water supply is happening through a desalination system wherein seawater is transformed into drinking water by removing salt and other harmful minerals present in it. Earlier, the locals who used to live in UAE had no accessibility and availability of freshwater due to its desert region with no rivers and dams.
As the world progressed, United Arab Emirates found its way of manufacturing drinking water with the help of technologies and processes. In order to find ways to fulfill future demands and protect natural resources for future generations, we must concentrate our efforts on conducting research and developing appropriate strategies and solutions.
When you zoom out, the extent of desalination’s contribution to the supply of fresh water is less striking. Only 1% of the world’s drinking water is produced by desalination, according to the International Water Association (IWA). The globe has contracted thousands of plants, the majority of which are in the Middle East, but there is still more that can be done to capture the ocean’s power, which the IWA regards as being “drought-proof” and “limitless.” Desalination has a considerable negative influence on the environment and is thought to be both expensive and energy-intensive.
Integrated water and power infrastructure allow thermal energy facilities to produce the vast majority of the UAE’s water as a byproduct. The issue is that the demand cycles for these two resources are dissimilar. In contrast to water, the demand for electricity has significant peaks. The infrastructure cannot be optimized for either resource because of these various cycles.
It is crucial to create cutting-edge technologies that can sustainably supply clean fresh water, not just for the UAE but for nations all over the Arabian Gulf and the world.
The postulation of environmental management solutions is to be practiced by an organization to reduce environmental issues and increase its operating efficiency. The environmental management solution’s main aim is to achieve the environmental goals through constant improvement of its environmental performance. Each organization achieves its own environmental goals. Consistent review and evaluation can identify different ways for improving and implementing environmental performance. This environmental management solution regulates the requirements in a systematic and cost-effective manner. It helps to improve the health and safety of employees of the organization and the public.
UAE shift to Renewables for Sea Water Desalination – The UAE also faces significant challenges in terms of recovering and recycling water. The country’s dependency on desalinated water would decline thanks to recycling. Recycling infrastructure is lacking, though, and leaks result in additional losses.
The UAE’s anticipated use of nuclear energy as a significant source of power will help to alleviate this issue and is part of the UAE strategy shift to Renewables for Sea Water Desalination. By severing the link between water and electrical infrastructure, nuclear power will make it possible to deploy more effective desalination techniques like reverse osmosis.
Currently, evaporative desalination utilizing only fossil fuels accounts for around 70% of the desalination in the Gulf. There are other reports which signify Reverse osmosis (RO), a filtration-based technique is harmful as they do generate electricity using fossil fuels. However the wind and solar energy is also prominent resources in generating energy. With the hike in global energy industry investments and offshore wind energy investments, the use of hydraulic turbine, floating wind turbine, wind turbine (history of wind turbine), EVs, gravity batteries, etc. are in demand. Even the mechanical seals and abrasive blasting are also in demand due to the refurbishment technology they provide.
International interest groups have been advocating the use of clean energy for desalination, setting worldwide goals until 2036 to further reduce reliance on fossil fuels in the water treatment process. One such organization is the Global Clean Water Desalination Alliance. With the rising oil prices, even the largest oil producing country – UAE is in the transition to renewables. This transition has also given rise to the forging industry along with the importance of cybersecurity and power systems engineering. While the transition towards renewables they are implementing smart buildings in UAE and making Dubai: A Sustainable and Smart City to live in.
To reach these lofty goals, we must step up our efforts. Some Middle Eastern nations are already setting the pace when it comes to starting desalination facilities that are powered by renewable energy. To encourage its widespread use, the cost of renewables should be progressively decreased. Desalination technology can potentially be developed further for increased effectiveness and less environmental impact (low carbon emission).
Policymakers must create an integrated strategy for controlling electricity and water generation and delivery in order to address these market difficulties. A selection of water treatment technologies that are more in line with anticipated production needs should be a part of this approach.
Additionally, the government can create rules that use both hard and soft strategies to handle the demand. Bruising interventions would, for instance, enhance water supply and decrease water demand. Tariffs, take into account market forces and the economic elasticity of various consumers’ water needs. Added stringent measures is to require effective techniques, like enhanced irrigation and usage of landscaping materials that optimize water reclaimed and reduce the unnecessary strain on the water infrastructure.
Softer governing campaigns for education and other measures are examples of measures. Encourage locals to voluntarily alter their water usage. More specifically initiatives should target the workforce and younger citizens, who have significant sway and the capacity to alter individuals’ actions in their individual surroundings (schools, universities, and companies).
For many years, the UAE’s lack of a compelling need for energy efficiency was due to the quantity of readily available hydrocarbon resources. However, opinions have shifted as a result of constant population and economic. Sustainability is a vital topic right now that is getting more serious every year. The time is now for the UAE government to step in and help the nation build a more sustainable future and make energy efficiency in UAE. The UAE can guarantee that it satisfies the demands of its residents while also protecting the environment for future generations by drawing on the experience of other nations and concentrating on the priorities highlighted in Arabian Gulf and everywhere else.
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