How will EV's dominate the Transportation and Forging Industry

Introduction to Electric Vehicles: How will EV’s dominate the Transportation and Forging Industry

Both established automakers and recent startups are actively pursuing the next wave of transportation. New technologies are being adopted by the automotive sector, which is currently altering how many people view transportation. New vehicles are progressively incorporating emerging technologies like electrification, upending long-established methods for how cars are powered, operated, and—perhaps most significantly—made. The conceivable market upheaval, however, also offers a chance for American manufacturing in general and forging in particular. To boost energy efficiency in UAE and develop a sustainable future (Dubai: A Sustainable and Smart City to live in), the country is promoting electric vehicles. UAE even being one of the largest oil producing countries is taking such a huge step in the energy transition to renewable energy. Rising oil prices are another factor that many countries are switching to clean energy vehicles. 

With the rise of electric vehicles, various other transportation sectors, including those in the automotive and aerospace industries (abrasive blasting – a technique used by the airline industry to reimburse jet engine parts), are subject to a major technological transition (EVs). The way that automobiles are powered has completely changed thanks to EVs. Electric vehicles, which are seen as competitive, economical, and environmentally friendly (environmental management solutions) alternatives to vehicles powered by internal combustion engines (ICEs), which emit greenhouse gases (low carbon emission), may have far-reaching climate effects on the future of the automobile industry. It is a good alternative to solve many environmental issues. The possibility of a market disruption, however, also offers a substantial opportunity for American manufacturing and the forgings sector in particular.

EV's will highly affect the forging industry

What is the difference between ICE and EV?

To know the new challenges and the opportunities Electric Vehicles vehicles bring in, it is important to understand the differences between the Internal Combustion Engine (ICE) and Electric Vehicles (EV)

Differences ICE Electric Vehicles
Powered By Fuel Tank Rechargeable Battery
Emissions Produces Greenhouse gases emissions No carbon emissions produced
Distance Travelled More than 600km per fill Lest than 250km per charge
Weight and Space Fuels are liquid in nature, therefore they are lighter and is takes relatively less space in comparison to batteries Batteries are heavier and takes relatively larger space in comparison to ICE vehicles
Motor Has one or more electric motors Fixed, single gearbox
Braking Energy Not Recovered Recovered
Running Cost High Low
Noise Yes No
Maintenance Cost High Low
Resources Used Fossil Fuels Electricity
Energy Efficiency Lower in comparative to EV Higher in comparative to ICE
Table – Differences between ICE and EV

Due to EV powertrains having fewer moving parts and less mechanical complexity, electric motors are therefore far simpler than internal combustion engines in terms of both their operations and manufacturability. The Chevy Bolt’s electric motor contains three moving parts in comparison to ICE vehicles which have a total of 113 parts, according to UBS. The sealing (mechanical seals) of a battery system housing are the most common use in EVs, second by gasketing for energy conversion equipment like inverters.

Forging Industry: A Boon or An Obstacle with regards to EV Segment

As seen in the differences, EVs relatively require less forge auto components in comparison to ICE vehicles, therefore only fewer forging contractors will be needed to finish an electric vehicle. This paradigm shift can make contract bidding difficult. However, if we look at this situation from a different perspective, automotive companies may hire multiple vendors for supplying forged auto components to meet the increasing demand for electric vehicles.

Regardless of design engineering, the cost of forgings contributes to the entire cost of an automobile and establishes an estimated baseline price range. Currently available electric vehicles are expensive mostly because of the price of their battery technology (gravity batteries). The demand for Electric Vehicles will rise as battery costs decrease and Electric Vehicles may eventually cost as little as a regular car. The requirement for parts will rise along with Electric Vehicles demand, thereby offsetting market effects on the forging sector.

The fact that these potential repercussions on the forging sector are still unknown is the most crucial factor to keep in mind. While some of these consequences will become apparent in the upcoming years, it is yet unclear how many and how much. In the forging vs casting industry, forging is considered more relevant with the availability of various types of forging methods (open die forgings, closed die forgings, etc.). 

In conclusion to this article, RSE FZE believes that the forging companies should always have a look at the ongoing changes and study the forging industry and the forging market so that they can adapt to these changes. RSE FZE has a specialized team of trained engineers, who have completed their education in the field of Power Systems Engineering.  We also specialize in making forged parts for your industrial applications like hydraulic turbine, wind turbine (floating wind turbine), its motors, and other mechanical parts. With an increase in offshore wind energy investments and global energy industry investments, the market for forged components is in demand. 


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